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Numerical analysis of moisture influential depth in concrete during drying-wetting cycles

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3 Author(s)
Li, Chunqiu ; Key Laboratory of Structural Engineering and Vibration of Ministry of Education, Department of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China ; Li, Kefei ; Chen, Zhaoyuan

The influential depth of moisture transport in a concrete surface subject to drying-wetting cycles was analyzed numerically. The moisture transport was described by a diffusion model with different diffusivities for drying and wetting. A finite difference scheme was developed to solve the partial differential equations. The influential depth was then investigated numerically for initially saturated and unsaturated concretes exposed to drying-wetting actions in marine environments using an equilibrium time ratio concept. The equilibrium time ratio was calculated numerically for a saturated condition and the moisture influential depth is shown to be a linear function of the square root of the drying time. However, this equilibrium time ratio does not exist for an unsaturated condition and the moisture influential depth depends on the initial saturation as well as the drying-wetting time ratio. The results indicate that this model gives more realistic predictions of moisture transport of in situ structural concrete and its durability.

Published in:

Tsinghua Science and Technology  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 5 )