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This paper introduces a framework for the integration of renewable energy generation units and electric vehicle into smart grid, which takes into account the setting up of the PHEV recharging infrastructure and modern power system. The impact of recharging a large amount of PHEVs on the existing power system is estimated considering the PHEV characteristics and the driving pattern of the vehicle owners. Three scenarios for uncontrolled and controlled charging are derived to investigate the impact in terms of power quality. The simulation results show the necessity to coordinate the PHEV recharging with the power network condition. Therefore an optimal algorithm is also designed to minimize the power losses based on the hierarchical structure of the proposed framework. The aggregation of PHEVs is expected to act as a controllable load or resource. Both of the battery charging and discharging are comprised in the optimal algorithm to achieve better performance in the V2G operation.