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Performance analysis of a bayesian classifier for the detection of human presence using total power and correlation radiometry

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3 Author(s)
Nanzer, J.A. ; Appl. Phys. Lab., Johns Hopkins Univ., Laurel, MD, USA ; Popova, E. ; Rogers, R.L.

This study presents a performance analysis of a new method of detecting and classifying non-moving humans from a moving platform in real time using millimetre-wave radiometry. The implementation of the detection method is a naïve Bayes classifier which operates on signals produced by two Ka-band total power receivers, one W-band total power receiver and one Ka-band correlation receiver. Processing of the radiometric signals involves median filtering and passive range estimation prior to the signals being classified by the Bayesian algorithm. Experimental results are shown and a performance evaluation of the classifier is given using the F1-measure and the receiver operating characteristic. A maximum F1-measure of 0.68 is achieved, and the area under the receiver operating curve is 0.94 and 0.98 for passive and active ranging, respectively. The maximum true positive rate was 0.85 (passive) and 0.92 (active) both corresponding to F1=0.48. The processing time required for classification is shown to be less than 50= of the experimental time, permitting real-time operation.

Published in:

Signal Processing, IET  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 7 )