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Stochastic-Based Analyses of Noncoherent Code Tracking Loops Over Wireless Fading Circumstances

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2 Author(s)
Tsan-Ming Wu ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Chung Yuan Christian Univ., Chungli, Taiwan ; Tsung-Hua Tsai

For band-limited pseudonoise signals, a noncoherent digital delay-lock loop (DDLL) equipped with a discrete automatic gain control algorithm under a RAKE scheme over frequency-selective fading channels is studied. Its associated statistical characteristics are analyzed based on the Nakagami-m stochastic process. The transition timing error probability density function (pdf) of the Chapman-Kolmogorov equation is evaluated to drive an analytical expression for the steady-state timing error pdf. The mean time to lose lock and the mean square tracking error with its corresponding Cramér-Rao lower bound (CRLB) under frequency-selective Nakagami-m fading environments are scrutinized, whereas their numerical results are confirmed by time-domain computer simulations. Moreover, the tracking performance of the DDLL in the presence of Doppler shifts is also examined.

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Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:61 ,  Issue: 1 )