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Personalized Tooth Shape Estimation From Radiograph and Cast

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7 Author(s)
Pei, Y. ; Key Laboratory of Machine Perception (MOE), Department of Machine Intelligence, Peking University, Beijing, China ; Shi, F. ; Chen, H. ; Wei, J.
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Three-dimensional geometric information of teeth is usually needed in pre- and postoperative diagnoses of orthodontic dentistry. The computerized tomography can provide comprehensive 3-D teeth geometries. However, there is still a discussion on computed tomography (CT) as a routine in orthodontic dentistry due to radiation dose. Moreover, the CT is useless when a dentist needs to extract 3-D structures from old archive files with only radiographs and casts, where patient’s teeth changed ever since. In this paper, we propose a reconstruction framework for patient-specific teeth based on an integration of 2-D radiographs and digitized casts. The reconstruction is under a template-fitting framework. The shape and orientation of teeth templates are tuned in accordance with patient’s radiographs. Specially, the tooth root morphology is controlled by 2-D contours in radiographs. With ray tracing and a contour plane assumption, 2-D root contours in radiographs are projected back to 3-D space, and guide tooth root deformations. Moreover, the template’s crown is deformed nonrigidly to fit digitized casts that bear patient’s crown details. The system allows 3-D tooth reconstruction with patient-specific geometric details from just casts and 2-D radiographs.

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 9 )