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Design of Bandwidth-Enhanced Doherty Power Amplifiers for Handset Applications

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6 Author(s)
Kang, Daehyun ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Pohang Univ. of Sci. & Technol. (POSTECH), Pohang, South Korea ; Dongsu Kim ; Cho, Yunsung ; Byungjoon Park
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A quarter-wavelength impedance transformer as well as a number of other factors limit the bandwidth (BW) of Doherty power amplifiers (PAs). We utilize the lower Q of a quarter-wave length transformer and propose a phase compensation circuit and an additional offset line to be incorporated into the matching net works for an enhanced BW of the Doherty PA. The quarter-wave length transformer and the final output circuit have the same Q. Input dividing networks are also analyzed for operation of broad BW. The Doherty PA for long term evolution (LTE) applications is integrated into a 1.4 × 1.4 mm2 die using an InGaP/GaAs hetero junction bipolar transistor (HBT) process. For an LTE signal with a 7.5-dB peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) and a 10-MHz BW, the PA with a supply voltage of 4.5 V delivers a power-added ef ficiency (PAE) of 36.3% and an adjacent channel leakage ratio (ACLR) of -32 dBc with an average output power of 27.5 dBm at a frequency of 1.85 GHz. Across frequencies from 1.6-2.1 GHz, the PA performs with a PAE of more than 30%, a gain of more than 28 dB and an ACLR of less than -31 dBc at an average output power of 27.5 dBm while satisfying the standard spectrum mask. These figures verify that the proposed bandwidth enhancement techniques are effective for handset Doherty PAs.

Published in:

Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 12 )

Date of Publication:

Dec. 2011

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