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Challenges in the design of frequency synthesizers for wireless applications

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1 Author(s)
Razavi, B. ; Integrated Circuits & Syst. Lab., California Univ., Los Angeles, CA, USA

This paper describes the challenges in the design of frequency synthesizers used in wireless transceivers. Following a review of design issues and the effect of nonidealities, we present a number of synthesizer architectures along with their merits and drawbacks. We also describe the difficulties in the design of some of the building blocks and consider the role of synthesizers in emerging applications

Published in:

Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, 1997., Proceedings of the IEEE 1997

Date of Conference:

5-8 May 1997