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Based on land use diagram of three periods (1986, 1996 and 2000) interpreted by Landsat TM image and data of social economy for the last twenty years of Hailun city, Heilongjiang province, the change of land use direction, amplitude, rate and spatial distribution characteristics were analyzed by overlay-analysis function of GIS. Landscape types and the evaluation index of spatial pattern were analyzed in the areas. Based on Markov models of transition probability, the land use change of Hailun city was forecasted and analyzed in the following fourteen years. Also, evaluation and planning of landscape ecology were conducted for Hailun city.