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The paper describes the impact of time-delays on small-signal angle stability of power systems. With this aim, the paper presents a power system model based on delay differential algebraic equations (DDAE) and describes a general technique for computing the spectrum of DDAE. The paper focuses in particular on delays due to the terminal voltage measurements and transducers of automatic voltage regulators and power system stabilizers of synchronous machines. The proposed technique is applied to a benchmark system, namely the IEEE 14-bus test system, as well as to a real-world system. Time domain simulations are also presented to confirm the results of the DDAE spectral analysis.
Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:59 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication: April 2012