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Reducing Mutual Coupling of MIMO Antennas With Parasitic Elements for Mobile Terminals

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5 Author(s)
Zhengyi Li ; Research Center for Frontier Medical Engineering, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan ; Zhengwei Du ; Masaharu Takahashi ; Kazuyuki Saito
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Mutual coupling is a critical problem in the design of MIMO antennas because it deteriorates the performance of MIMO systems, which not only affects the antenna efficiency but also influences the correlation. Therefore, in this paper, using parasitic elements to reduce mutual coupling is studied. By adding parasitic elements a double-coupling path is introduced and it can create a reverse coupling to reduce mutual coupling. As an example, a dual-slot-element antenna with parasitic monopoles for mobile terminals is described. The discussion on channel capacity shows that the antenna can be considered as a good candidate for MIMO systems. Furthermore, based on the study of current distributions, it is concluded that the technique is sensitive to relative positions between parasitic elements, and relative positions between active element and parasitic element. Finally, we also extend the technique to a tri-element antenna.

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IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 2 )