Skip to Main Content
In this paper, an 11.3 Gbps CMOS SONET compliant transceiver designed to work in both RZ and NRZ data formats is presented. Using a configurable high-speed transmit path utilizing an AND gate and a duty cycle adjustment circuit, the transmitter can switch output format between RZ and NRZ. The TX driver exhibits 17 ps rise/fall times, 0.25 psrms RJ, and 2 pspp DJ. In RZ mode, TX output duty cycle can be adjusted within 40-60% range. To improve input sensitivity in both RZ and NRZ reception, the receiver incorporates a limiting amplifier with a distributed threshold adjustment circuit. It achieves 5 mVpp-diff RX input sensitivity with 0.54 UI high-frequency jitter tolerance. An adaptation scheme based on nested linear search is implemented to control the distributed threshold adjustment circuit. While demonstrating the integration of RZ/NRZ functionality into a single-chip solution using 65 nm CMOS technology, the transceiver core occupies 1.36 mm2 and consumes 214 mW.