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Stator-flux-based vector control of induction machines in magnetic saturation

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3 Author(s)
Hofmann, H. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., California Univ., Berkeley, CA, USA ; Sanders, S.R. ; Sullivan, C.R.

In many variable-torque applications of induction machines, it is desirable to operate the machine at high flux levels, thus allowing the machine to produce higher torques. This can lead to saturation of the main flux path, introducing cross-coupling effects which can severely disrupt the performance of controllers dependent on knowledge of the machine's magnetic parameters. Stator flux-oriented torque-control schemes need not depend on the magnetic parameters of the machine and, hence, are potentially more robust and easier to implement in magnetic saturation than rotor-flux-oriented control. In this paper, the authors present and analyze a stator-flux-oriented torque-control scheme. This controller only requires knowledge of the stator voltage, stator current, and stator resistance. An analytical expression for the maximum achievable torque output of the machine using a linear magnetics model is compared with values calculated using a nonlinear magnetics model incorporating saturation of the main flux path and is shown to be a good approximation at high flux levels, when the main flux path is heavily saturated. Experiments carried out on a 3 hp 1800 RPM wound-rotor induction machine show smooth operation of the control scheme at torque levels up to at least four times rated torque

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Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:33 ,  Issue: 4 )