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0.98-μm multiple-quantum-well tunneling injection laser with 98-GHz intrinsic modulation bandwidth

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6 Author(s)
Zhang, X. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; Gutierrez-Aitken, A. ; Klotzkin, D. ; Bhattacharya, P.
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We demonstrate GaAs-based 0.98-μm multiple-quantum-well (MQW) tunneling injection lasers with ultrahigh-modulation bandwidths. Electrons are injected into the active region via tunneling, leading to a “cold” carrier distribution in the quantum wells (QWs). The tunneling time (2 pS) measured by time resolved differential transmission spectroscopy agrees with the capture time extracted form the electrical impedance measurement. The tunneling barrier prevents electrons from going over the active region into the opposite cladding layer. The carrier escape time in tunneling injection lasers is larger than that in conventional QW lasers. Enhanced differential gain, minimized gain compression and improved high frequency performance have been achieved. The -3-dB modulation bandwidth is 48 GHz and the maximum intrinsic modulation bandwidth is as high as 98 GHz

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Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 2 )