Skip to Main Content
The problem of extracting a useful signal (a response) buried in relatively high amplitude noise has been investigated, under the conditions of low signal-to-noise ratio. In particular, the authors present a method for detecting the "true" response of the brain resulting from repeated auditory stimulation, based on selective averaging of single-trial evoked potentials. Selective averaging: is accomplished in two steps. First, an unsupervised fuzzy-clustering algorithm is employed to identify groups of trials with similar characteristics, using a performance index as an optimization criterion. Then, typical responses are obtained by ensemble averaging of all trials in the same group. Similarity among the resulting estimates is quantified through a synchronization measure, which accounts for the percentage of time that the estimates are in phase. The performance of the classifier is evaluated with synthetic signals of known characteristics, and its usefulness is demonstrated with real electrophysiological data obtained from normal volunteers.