Skip to Main Content
This paper presents a new approach for locating short-circuit faults on a double-circuit transmission line. Various algorithms have been proposed previously that usually require measurements recorded from one or two buses of the faulted line. However, such measurements may not always be available in some scenarios, rendering inapplicability of existing methods. To complement existing methods, this paper proposes a novel, general fault-location method by harnessing voltage measurements at one or more buses, which may not be taken from the faulted line. The bus impedance matrix of each sequence network with the addition of a fictitious bus at the fault point can be derived as a function of the fault location. The fault location can then be obtained based on the bus impedance matrix and voltage measurements. The distributed parameter line model is utilized. The network data are assumed to be available so that the bus impedance matrix can be constructed. When multiple voltage measurements are available, an optimal estimator capable of identifying bad measurement data is also proposed for enhanced fault location. Since field data are not available at this time, simulated data are utilized for evaluation studies, and quite accurate results have been achieved.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2012