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This letter proposes a new modeling approach for the Total Variability subspace within a Language Recognition task. Motivated by previous works in directional statistics, von Mises-Fisher distributions are used for assigning language-conditioned probabilities to language data, assumed to be spherically distributed in this subspace. The two proposed methods use Kernel Density Functions or Finite Mixture Models of such distributions. Experiments conducted on NIST LRE 2009 show that the proposed techniques significantly outperform the baseline cosine distance approach in most of the considered experimental conditions, including different speech conditions, durations and the presence of unseen languages.
Date of Publication: Dec. 2011