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A Review of Ammonia-Based Thermochemical Energy Storage for Concentrating Solar Power

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3 Author(s)
Dunn, R. ; Australian Nat. Univ., Canberra, ACT, Australia ; Lovegrove, K. ; Burgess, G.

The development of a thermochemical energy storage system based on ammonia, for use with concentrating solar power is discussed in this paper. This is one of a number of storage options for concentrating solar power, including molten-salt storage, which is already operating commercially. The ammonia storage development has involved prototype solar receiver/reactors operated in conjunction with a 20-m 2 dish concentrator, as well as closed-loop storage demonstrations. An ongoing computational study deals with the performance of an ammonia receiver for a 489-m 2 dish concentrator. The ammonia storage system could employ industry-standard ammonia synthesis converters for superheated steam production. A standard 1500 t/day ammonia synthesis reactor would suffice for a 10-MWe baseload plant with 330 large 489-m2 dishes. At this stage, an updated economic assessment of the system would be valuable.

Published in:

Proceedings of the IEEE  (Volume:100 ,  Issue: 2 )