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Design and Construction of a Trigger Generator Based on Pulse Transformer for Spark Gap Switch

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7 Author(s)
Liu Yi ; State Key Lab. of Adv. Electromagn. Eng. & Technol., Huazhong Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Wuhan, China ; Lin Fuchang ; Feng Xibo ; Zhang Qin
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A two-electrode graphite spark gap switch is used as the main discharge switch and triggered by a reliable trigger generator in a pulsed-power conditioning system. The trigger generator based on resonant charging of a pulse transformer is constructed. An appropriate ratio can be obtained when using resonant charging based on a core-type pulse transformer. The charging time is dependent on the leakage inductance and the capacitance of the primary and secondary capacitors. The stray resistance and magnetizing inductance of the resonant charging circuit have an impact on ratio and energy transmission efficiency. A dry-type pulse transformer with a load of 1.08 nF, an output voltage of more than 130 kV, and a winding ratio of 65 is presented. A self-breakdown three-electrode output switch is used to shorten the rise time of the output impulse. The deviation of the self-breakdown voltage of the self-breakdown three-electrode output switch is much smaller than that of the self-breakdown two-electrode output switch. It assures that the trigger generator has a low jitter of output impulse when a lot of energy modules work simultaneously. The output impulse of the trigger generator with a peak value of more than 120 kV and a rise time of less than 30 ns can trigger the two-electrode graphite spark gap switch reliably.

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 12 )