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The Stripmap–ScanSAR SBAS Approach to Fill Gaps in Stripmap Deformation Time Series With ScanSAR Data

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5 Author(s)
Antonio Pepe ; Istituto per il Rilevamento Elettromagnetico dell'Ambiente (IREA), Italian National Research Council (CNR), Napoli, Italy ; Ana Bertran Ortiz ; Paul R. Lundgren ; Paul A. Rosen
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We present a simple approach to jointly exploit stripmap and ScanSAR acquisitions to generate differential synthetic aperture radar interferometry (DInSAR) time series. In particular, we extend the capability of the Small BAseline Subset (SBAS) approach to compute deformation time series from a set of stripmap images by filling possible temporal gaps in the available SAR data sequence with ScanSAR acquisitions. The starting point of our approach is the raw data focusing step, which is properly carried out to align the characteristics of the ScanSAR images to those of the stripmap ones. To achieve this task, we exploit stripmap processing codes to focus both SAR data types, the ScanSAR ones being processed on a burst-by-burst basis, accounting also for possible differences of the pulse repetition frequency with respect to that of the stripmap data. The coherent combination of the focused bursts generates phase-preserved ScanSAR images with the same output geometry and pixel spacing as the stripmap ones. This allows a straightforward implementation of the next steps of the SBAS processing chain, including the interferogram generation operation. In this case, we concentrate on a selection of small baseline (SB) stripmap-stripmap multilook interferograms identified through a Delaunay triangulation, which are complemented with a set of hybrid SB stripmap-ScanSAR interferograms. This interferogram selection permits us to develop an effective phase unwrapping algorithm based on a two-step processing strategy. Finally, the whole data set of unwrapped interferograms is inverted through the SBAS technique to retrieve the final deformation time series, including both stripmap and ScanSAR data. The proposed stripmap-ScanSAR SBAS process ing approach is particularly attractive because it is very easy to implement since it requires only limited modifications with respect to the conventional stripmap-based SBAS algorithm. Our approach has been applied to descending and ascending h- - ybrid stripmap-ScanSAR data sets of Envisat/ASAR C-band acquisitions from the Big Island of Hawaii. In spite of not including any common-band azimuthal filtering, which would account for the ScanSAR burst spectral properties at the expense of the algorithm simplicity, the presented results show that we may retrieve DInSAR time series with an accuracy ranging between 5 and 10 mm, consistent with previous C-band data analyses using only stripmap data.

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IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 12 )