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We present extremely energy-efficient oxide-confined 850-nm single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) for optical interconnects. Error-free transmission at 17 Gb/s across 1 km of multimode optical fiber is achieved with an ultra-low energy-to-data ratio of 99 fJ/bit, corresponding to a record-low energy-to-data-distance ratio of 99 fJ/(bit ·km). This performance is achieved without changing any of the driving parameters up to 55 °C. To date our VCSELs are the most energy-efficient directly modulated light-sources for data transmission across all distances up to 1 km of multimode optical fiber.
Date of Publication: Jan.1, 2012