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Within-functional-block fine-grained adaptive dual supply voltage control (FADVC) is proposed to reduce the power of CMOS logic circuits. Both process and design variations within a functional block are compensated by the fine-grained supply voltage (VDD) control to minimize power at fixed clock frequency. In the 40-nm test chips, the layout of a data encryption core is divided into 6×7 voltage domains. Both high VDD (VDDH) and low VDD (VDDL) are supplied to each power domain and either VDDH or VDDL is adaptively selected according to the setup error warning signals generated by canary flip-flops. Compared with the conventional single VDD operation, the proposed FADVC reduced the power by 12% at 1-MHz clock in the measurement.