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Model-based analysis and control of axial and torsional stick-slip oscillations in drilling systems

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3 Author(s)
Bart Besselink ; Dynamics and Control group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, the Netherlands ; Nathan van de Wouw ; Henk Nijmeijer

The mechanisms leading to torsional vibrations in drilling systems are considered in this paper. Thereto, a drill string model of the axial and torsional dynamics is proposed, where coupling is provided by a rate-independent bit-rock interaction law. Analysis of this model shows that the fast axial dynamics exhibit an axial stick-slip limit cycle. This generates an apparent velocity-weakening effect in the torque-on-bit, explaining the onset of torsional vibrations. Based on this analysis, a strategy for control design aiming at the suppression of torsional vibrations is presented.

Published in:

2011 IEEE International Conference on Control Applications (CCA)

Date of Conference:

28-30 Sept. 2011