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Reduced-Complexity Coherent Versus Non-Coherent QAM-Aided Space-Time Shift Keying

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4 Author(s)
Shinya Sugiura ; Toyota Central R&D Laboratories, Inc., Aichi, 480-1192, Japan ; Chao Xu ; Soon Xin Ng ; Lajos Hanzo

A novel reduced-complexity near-optimal detection algorithm is proposed for enhancing the recent Coherently-detected Space-Time Shift Keying (CSTSK) scheme employing arbitrary constellations, such as {cal L}-point Phase-Shift Keying (PSK) and Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM). The proposed detector relies on a modified Matched Filter (MF) concept. More specifically, we exploit both the constellation diagram of the modulation scheme employed as well as the Inter-Element-Interference (IEI)-free STSK architecture. Furthermore, we generalize the Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM)- or PSK-aided Differentially-encoded STSK (DSTSK) concept and conceive its more bandwidth-efficient QAM-aided counterpart. Then, the proposed reduced-complexity CSTSK detector is applied to the QAM-aided DSTSK scheme, which enables us to carry out low-complexity non-coherent detection, while dispensing with channel estimation. It is revealed that the proposed detector is capable of approaching the optimal Maximum Likelihood (ML) detector's performance, while avoiding the exhaustive ML search. Interestingly, our simulation results also demonstrate that the reduced-complexity detector advocated may achieve the same performance as that of the optimal ML detector for the specific STSK scheme's parameters. Another novelty of this paper is that the star-QAM STSK scheme tends to outperform its square-QAM counterpart, especially for high number of dispersion matrices. Furthermore, we provided both the theoretical analysis and the simulations, in order to support this unexpected fact.

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IEEE Transactions on Communications  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 11 )