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The smart building and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) are two promising emerging technologies. The integration of these two technologies shows great promise in reinforcing the reliability and flexibility in building energy management. The control challenge of the smart building is to maximize the customer comfort with minimum power consumption. Multi-agent technology with particle swarm optimization (PSO) has been proposed to address the control challenge. Moreover, a proper aggregation of a number of PHEVs turns out to be able to provide both capacity and energy to enable the building system to be more economic and more reliable by impacting the building energy flow. Case studies and simulation results are presented and discussed in this paper.