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A Genetic Approach to Statistical Disclosure Control

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4 Author(s)
Smith, J.E. ; Univ. of the West of England, Bristol, UK ; Clark, A.R. ; Staggemeier, A.T. ; Serpell, M.C.

Statistical disclosure control is the collective name for a range of tools used by data providers such as government departments to protect the confidentiality of individuals or organizations. When the published tables contain magnitude data such as turnover or health statistics, the preferred method is to suppress the values of certain cells. Assigning a cost to the information lost by suppressing any given cell creates the “cell suppression problem.” This consists of finding the minimum cost solution which meets the confidentiality constraints. Solving this problem simultaneously for all of the sensitive cells in a table is NP-hard and not possible for medium to large sized tables. In this paper, we describe the development of a heuristic tool for this problem which hybridizes linear programming (to solve a relaxed version for a single sensitive cell) with a genetic algorithm (to seek an order for considering the sensitive cells which minimizes the final cost). Considering a range of real-world and representative “artificial” datasets, we show that the method is able to provide relatively low cost solutions for far larger tables than is possible for the optimal approach to tackle. We show that our genetic approach is able to significantly improve on the initial solutions provided by existing heuristics for cell ordering, and outperforms local search. This approach is then extended and applied to large statistical tables with over 200000 cells.

Published in:

Evolutionary Computation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

June 2012

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