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Analysis of interface carrier accumulation and relaxation in pentacene/C60 double-layer organic solar cell by impedance spectroscopy and electric-field-induced optical second harmonic generation

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5 Author(s)
Chen, Xiangyu ; Department of Physical Electronics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 S3-33 O-okayama, Meguro-ku Tokyo 152-8552 Japan ; Taguchi, Dai ; Shino, Tatsunori ; Manaka, Takaaki
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By using the impedance spectroscopy (IS) and optical electric-field-induced second harmonic generation (EFISHG) measurement, interfacial carrier relaxation in pentacene/C60 double-layer organic solar cell (OSC) has been analyzed. The IS measurements showed that the interfacial carrier relaxation time was diminished 70 times under photo illumination, due to the increase of carrier density caused by the photovoltaic effect. The equivalent circuit analysis using a Maxwell-Wagner effect model well accounted for the IS results. On the other hand, the EFISHG measurements directly probed the interfacial carrier behaviors caused by the photovoltaic effect. The results showed the suppression of the Maxwell-Wagner type carrier relaxation in OSCs by applying a voltage corresponding to the open circuit voltage Voc. EFISHG measurement coupled with IS measurement provides a clear physics picture of interfacial phenomena related to the photovoltaic effect in OSCs.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:110 ,  Issue: 7 )

Date of Publication:

Oct 2011

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