Skip to Main Content
Due to the lack of an appropriate symmetry in the acquisition geometry, general bistatic synthetic aperture radar (SAR) cannot benefit from the two main properties of low-to-moderate resolution monostatic SAR: azimuth-invariance and topography-insensitivity. The precise accommodation of azimuth-variance and topography is a real challenge for efficent image formation algorithms working in the Fourier domain, but can be quite naturally handled by time-domain approaches. We present an efficient and practical implementation of a generalised bistatic SAR image formation algorithm with an accurate accommodation of these two effects. The algorithm has a common structure with the monostatic fast-factorised backprojection (FFBP), and is therefore based on subaperture processing. The images computed over the different subapertures are displayed in an advantageous elliptical coordinate system capable of incorporating the topographic information of the imaged scene in an analogous manner as topography-dependent monostatic SAR algorithms do. Analytical expressions for the Nyquist requirements using this coordinate system are derived. The overall discussion includes practical implementation hints and a realistic computational burden estimation. The algorithm is tested with both simulated and actual bistatic SAR data. The actual data correspond to the spaceborne-airborne experiment between TerraSAR-X and F-SAR performed in 2007 and to the DLR-ONERA airborne experiment carried out in 2003. The presented approach proves its suitability for the precise SAR focussing of the data acquired in general bistatic configurations.
Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:47 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication: OCTOBER 2011