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A New Control Approach Based on the Differential Flatness Theory for an AC/DC Converter Used in Electric Vehicles

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5 Author(s)
Pahlevaninezhad, M. ; Queen''s Centre for Energy & Power Electron. Res., Queen''s Univ., Kingston, ON, Canada ; Das, P. ; Drobnik, J. ; Jain, P.K.
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AC/DC converters used for charging high-voltage battery banks in electric vehicles from the utility mains, generally, consist of two stages. The first is a power factor correction (PFC) ac/dc boost converter to reduce the input current harmonics injected to the utility grid and convert input ac voltage to an intermediate dc voltage (dc-bus voltage). The second part is an isolated dc/dc converter for providing high-frequency galvanic isolation. This paper presents a novel intelligent control law based on the differential flatness theory to control the input power of the PFC stage which is determined by the charging characteristics of the high-energy battery bank, instead of controlling the intermediate dc-bus voltage at a constant value as done in the conventional controller. Application of the proposed control law to such an ac/dc converter helps improve the dynamic behavior of the input PFC stage compared to the conventional controller and also achieve load adaptive regulation of the intermediate dc-bus voltage. Such load-adaptive dc-bus voltage regulation allows the dc/dc full-bridge converter to operate optimally from no-load to full-load conditions unlike the conventional controller with constant dc-bus voltage which forces the dc/dc full-bridge to operate with very low duty ratios at no-load conditions. Experimental results from a 3-kW ac/dc converter are presented in the paper to validate the proposed control method. The improved converter performance and increased efficiency as compared to the conventional control method proves the superiority of the proposed technique.

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Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 4 )