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A 280-GHz Schottky Diode Detector in 130-nm Digital CMOS

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7 Author(s)
Ruonan Han ; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, ; Yaming Zhang ; Dominique Coquillat ; Hadley Videlier
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A 2×2 array of 280-GHz Schottky-barrier diode detectors with an on-chip patch antenna (255 × 250 μm2) is fabricated in a 130-nm logic CMOS process. The series resistance of diode is minimized using poly-gate separation (PGS), and exhibits a cut-off frequency of 2 THz. Each detector unit can detect an incident carrier with 100-Hz ~ 2-MHz amplitude modulation. At 1-MHz modulation frequency, the estimated voltage responsivity and noise equivalent power (NEP) of the detector unit are 250 V/W and 33 pW/Hz1/2, respectively. An integrated low-noise amplifier further boosts the responsivity to 80 kV/W. At supply voltage of 1.2 V, the entire chip consumes 1.6 mW. The array occupies 1.5 × 0.8 mm2. A set of millimeter-wave images with a signal-noise ratio of 48 dB is formed using the detector. These suggest potential utility of Schottky diode detectors fabricated in CMOS for millimeter wave and sub-millimeter wave imaging.

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 11 )