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Flying-capacitor converters (FCCs), like most multilevel converter topologies, require a balancing mechanism of the capacitor voltages. FCCs feature natural voltage balancing when a special modulation technique is used. The classic methods, such as phase-shifted pulse width modulation (PS-PWM), result in very slow balancing for some duty-ratio ranges. Previous work has shown that for a single-leg five-level FCC, one time constant is infinite for a zero desired output voltage. In this paper, a modified PS-PWM scheme for a single-leg five-level FCC is presented, which results in faster balancing over the total duty-ratio range. The modified PS-PWM scheme is studied, resulting in an averaged voltage-balancing model. This model is verified using simulations and experiments. The modified PS-PWM scheme solves the slow-balancing problems of the normal PS-PWM method for odd-level FCCs, while maintaining the passive control property, and it provides a self-precharge capability.
Date of Publication: April 2012