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A nonlinear estimation method in tomographic imaging

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3 Author(s)
T. Isernia ; Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettronica, Univ. di Napoli Federico II, Italy ; V. Pascazio ; R. Pierri

A nonlinear estimation approach to solving the inverse scattering problem, and reconstructing the space-varying complex permittivity of unknown objects is considered. The bilinear operator equations governing the scattering are approximated into finite dimensional spaces on the basis of the finite degrees of freedom of data, and on the simple concept that one cannot expect to reconstruct an arbitrary function from a finite number of independent equations. As a consequence, a discrete model, well suited to numerical inversion, is developed. The particular bilinear nature of the equations, and a suitable choice of contrast and field unknowns allows the functional adopted in the estimation to be minimized in an accurate and numerically efficient manner. Numerical experiments show how the method is capable, when a proper number of searched unknowns is adopted, to manage the possible convergence to local minima (which is a typical question in nonlinear inverse problems), and validate the effectiveness of the proposed approach

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IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:35 ,  Issue: 4 )