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Modeling and Ride-Through Control of Doubly Fed Induction Generators During Symmetrical Voltage Sags

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5 Author(s)
Mendes, V.F. ; Fed. Univ. of Itajuba, Itajuba, Brazil ; de Sousa, C.V. ; Silva, S.R. ; Cezar Rabelo, B.
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Modern grid codes determine that wind generation plants must not be disconnected from the grid during some levels of voltage sags and contribute to network stabilization. Wind energy conversion systems equipped with the doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) are one of the most frequently used topologies, but they are sensitive to grid disturbances due to the stator direct connection to the grid. Therefore, many efforts have been done in the last few years in order to improve their low-voltage ride-through capability. This paper analyzes the behavior of the DFIG during symmetrical voltage sags using models in the frequency domain. A new strategy, the machine magnetizing current control, is proposed in order to enhance the system response during balanced dips. The method is derived on a theoretical basis and numerically investigated by means of simulation. Experimental results are presented and validate the proposed strategy. Finally, the practical aspects of the use of this strategy are discussed.

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Energy Conversion, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 4 )