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Pulsewidth and rising time of relativistic electron beam in gas-filled diode

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7 Author(s)
Ko, J.J. ; Dept. of Electrophys., Kwangwoon Univ., Seoul, South Korea ; Choi, E.H. ; Choi, M.C. ; Seo, Yoonho
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The pulsewidth and rising time of a mildly relativistic electron beam (300 kV, 1-3 kA) passing through a gas-filled diode region are investigated experimentally under various gas pressures P. The pulsewidth and rising time of a relativistic electron beam (REB) were controlled by adjusting the gas pressures P of the diode region. The pulsewidth and rising time of the relativistic electron beam are experimentally found to scale as P-0.807±0.054 and P -0.770±0.058, respectively. The REB pulsewidth and rising time are shown to have the same scaling law, within the experimental error range as a function of pressure. In particular, the empirical scaling law of the REB pulsewidth is in remarkably good agreement with the numerical scaling law P-0.809±0.059 of the full-space charge neutralization time tn at which the ion density ni is just equal to the electron beam density n b at the diode region under a given gas pressure P. It also is found that ion density ni at the full space-charge neutralization time tn has quite a similar profile in terms of pressure P to that of the REB peak current detected by a Faraday cup

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:25 ,  Issue: 2 )