By Topic

Phenomenological Study of the Effect of Microstructural Evolution on the Thermal Fatigue Resistance of Pb-Free Solder Joints

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

10 Author(s)
Coyle, R. ; Alcatel-Lucent, Murray Hill, NJ, USA ; Osenbach, J. ; Collins, M.N. ; McCormick, H.
more authors

Unlike SnPb solders, the thermal fatigue reliability of the Sn-Ag-Cu (SAC) solders is believed to be influenced significantly by both the initial and evolving microstructures. This paper presents a phenomenological study of the relationship between the initial SAC solder joint microstructure, the evolving microstructure, and the thermal fatigue performance measured by accelerated temperature cycling (ATC). To reflect the board assemblies that are in field use, commercial surface mount components with multiple geometries and materials and from different package assemblers were joined to the board with different lead free SAC alloys. The initial microstructures of the board level solder joints were altered in a variety of ways including: 1) varying the solder joint cooling rate; 2) varying the number of solder reflow exposures; and 3) exposure to different isothermal temperature exposures. In all cases the solder joint microstructure was exposed to one or more of these treatments prior to exposure to temperature cycling. In addition, some of the test boards were exposed to different cycling dwell times to determine if the microstructural evolution that occurred during ATC testing effected the respective characteristic lifetimes of the joints. The microstructural evolution was tracked and characterized with optical metallography and scanning electron microscopy. These results could have practical implications in terms of limiting the ability to develop acceleration factors and effective strain-based models for predicting Pb-free solder joint life.

Published in:

Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 10 )