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Dielectric and piezoelectric properties in the lead-free system Na0.5K0.5NbO3-BiScO3-LiTaO3

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5 Author(s)
Fangyuan Zhu ; Inst. for Mater. Res., Univ. of Leeds, Leeds, UK ; Michael B. Ward ; Tim P. Comyn ; Andrew J. Bell
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Phase relations, dielectric and piezoelectric properties are reported for the ternary system 98%[(1 - x) (Na0.5K0.5NbO3)-x(LiTaO3)]-2%[BiScO3] for compositions x-10 mol% LiTaO3. The phase content at room-temperature changed from mixed phase, monoclinic + tetragonal, for unmodified 98%(Na0.5K0.5NbO3)-2%(BiScO3), to tetragonal phase for compositions >;2 mol% LiTaO3. Curie peaks at 360 to 370°C were observed for all compositions, but peaks became diffuse at x-3 mol%, and two dielectric peaks, at 370 and 470°C, were observed for 5 mol% LiTaO3. Phase segregation, and finite size affects associated with the core-shell structure, account for the occurrence of two dielectric peaks in 5 mol% LiTaO3, and diffuse dielectric behavior. The value of d33 piezoelectric charge coefficient increased from ~160 pC/N for 0 mol% LiTaO3 to 205 to 214 pC/N for 1 to 2 mol% LiTaO3 solid solutions, before falling sharply at 3 mol% LiTaO3. TEM-EDX analysis revealed core-shell grain structures with segregation of Bi, Sc, and Ta in the outer ~100-nm shell of the 5 mol% LT sample.

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IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 9 )