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Dual-Band Circularly Polarized Microstrip RFID Reader Antenna Using Metamaterial Branch-Line Coupler

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2 Author(s)
Youn-Kwon Jung ; Dept. of Electron. & Radio Eng., Kyung Hee Univ., Yongin, South Korea ; Lee, B.

A dual-band circularly polarized aperture coupled microstrip RFID reader antenna using a metamaterial (MTM) branch-line coupler has been designed, fabricated, and measured. The proposed antenna is fabricated on a FR-4 substrate with relative permittivity of 4.6 and thickness of 1.6 mm. The MTM coupler is designed employing the provided explicit closed-form formulas. The dual-band (UHF and ISM) circularly-polarized RFID reader antenna with separate Tx and Rx ports is connected to the designed metamaterial (MTM) branch-line coupler. The maximum measured LHCP antenna gain is 6.6 dBic at 920 MHz (UHF) and RHCP gain is 7.9 dBic at 2.45 GHz (ISM). The cross-polar CP gains near broadside of the RFID reader antenna are approximately less than - 20 dB compared with the mentioned co-polar CP gains in both bands. The isolations between the two ports are about 25 dB and 38 dB, at 920 MHz and 2.45 GHz, respectively. The measured axial ratios are less than 0.7 dB in the UHF band (917-923 MHz) and 1.5 dB in the ISM band (2.4-2.48 GHz).

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 2 )