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A cable modem receiver supporting four upstream channels

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4 Author(s)
Jae-Ho Lee ; Broadcasting Res. Div., Electron. & Telecommun. Res. Inst., Daejeon, South Korea ; Dong-Joon Choi ; Soo-In Lee ; Whan-woo Kim

A receiver of upstream cable modem (CM) for data over cable service interface specifications (DOCSIS) 3.0 is proposed and implemented in field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs). The receiver, which can demodulate four upstream channels simultaneously, consists of a digital down converter (DDC), a pre-forward error correction (FEC) and a FEC decoder. In DDC, fixed decimation and variable decimation with respect to symbol rate are used to remove adjacent channel images. An automatic gain control (AGC) uses a power calculation in a packet detection (PD) to reduce hardware complexity. Coefficients of symbol timing estimation (STE) use the sign of preamble symbols for eliminating multipliers. In addition, STE operates only for some parts of preamble to save power consumption. We simulate estimated AGC values, success probability of STE, estimated frequency offsets. In addition, it is found that when the bit error rate (BER) of the pre-FEC of 64QAM is 10-5, the required Eb/N0 is 19.5 dB under the conditions of additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN), a frequency offset, and echo channel. We measure the spectrum of DDC output, an estimated AGC value, and an estimated frequency offset, and experiment on FEC decoder. Measured results show the maximum transmitted error vector magnitude (EVM) of 1.54 % and the maximum received EVM of 2.67%.

Published in:

Consumer Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 3 )