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A Miniaturized 3 dB Branch-Line Hybrid Coupler With Harmonics Suppression

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4 Author(s)
Kai-Yu Tsai ; Department of Electrical Engineering, Graduate Institute of Electronics Engineering, and Graduate Institute of Communication Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan ; Hao-Shun Yang ; Jau-Horng Chen ; Yi-Jan Emery Chen

This letter presents a miniaturized 3 dB branch-line hybrid coupler with second harmonic suppression using high-impedance transmission lines and interdigitated shunt capacitors. By using the interdigitated capacitors shunt with the transmission lines, further minimization of the 3 dB branch-line hybrid coupler can be achieved compared with previously reported techniques. The design of the interdigitated shunt capacitors requires concurrent optimization of the capacitance to the ground and the edge-coupling interdigitated capacitance between the ports. For validation, a miniaturized 3 dB branch-line hybrid coupler at 836.5 MHz was designed and implemented. The proposed 3 dB branch-line hybrid coupler achieved a compact size of 27.75 mm × 25.7 mm, or equivalently 0.077λo×0.072λo, where λo is the free-space wavelength. Moreover, the coupler can suppress second harmonic components by 20 dB while maintaining similar measured performance compared to the conventional branch-line hybrid coupler.

Published in:

IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 10 )