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Nature of Cross-Polarized Radiations from Probe-Fed Circular Microstrip Antennas and Their Suppression Using Different Geometries of Defected Ground Structure (DGS)

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2 Author(s)
Kumar, C. ; Dept. of Space, Gov. of India, Bangalore, India ; Guha, D.

Experiments with probe-fed circular patches using conventional and defected ground planes flashed some interesting features relating to cross-polarized (XP) electric fields and associated radiations before the present authors. Those led to a series of new investigations for understanding the nature of XP fields and to deal with them using defected ground structure (DGS) for improved XP performance. In the first phase of investigation, the XP radiations of a probe-fed circular patch with conventional ground plane have been critically studied as a function of the radial probe location. Remarkably significant effect is experimentally demonstrated. New information about orthogonal resonant fields and its importance in designing an antenna is provided. In the second phase of investigation, limitations of dot-shaped DGS in reducing XP level are experimentally studied. As its improved variants, two new DGS geometries such as annular ring and circular arcs have been explored. The arc-DGS appears to be highly efficient in terms of suppressing XP fields. Suppression by 10-12 dB has been experimentally demonstrated. Each design has been experimented in both C- and X-bands to earn confidence on the measured data.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 1 )