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A non-destructive and highly selective method of standoff detection is presented and quantitatively evaluated. The method is found to be orders of magnitude more sensitive than previous coherent spectroscopy methods, identifying concentrations as low as 2 μg/cm2 of an explosive simulant mixed in a polymer matrix. The approach uses a single amplified femtosecond laser to generate high-resolution multiplex coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) spectra encompassing the fingerprint region (400-2500 cm-1) at standoff distance. Additionally, a standoff imaging modality is introduced, visually demonstrating similar sensitivity and high selectivity, providing promising results toward highly selective trace detection of explosives or warfare agents.