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This study presents a control scheme using a flywheel energy-storage system (FESS) to simultaneously achieve power-fluctuation mitigation and dynamic-stability enhancement of an offshore wind farm (OWF) and marine-current farm (MCF) connected to a power grid. The performance of the studied OWF is simulated by an equivalent aggregated 80-MW doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG), while the characteristics of the studied MCF are simulated by an equivalent aggregated 40-MW squirrel-cage induction generator. A proportional-integral-derivative (PID) damping controller of the proposed FESS which is connected to the common AC bus of the OWF and MCF is designed by using modal control theory to contribute effective damping characteristics to the studied OWF and MCF under different operating conditions. A frequency-domain approach based on a linearised system model using eigenvalue analysis is performed. A time-domain scheme based on a non-linear system model subject to disturbance conditions is also carried out. It can be concluded from the simulation results that the proposed FESS combined with the designed PID damping controller can effectively stabilise the studied OWF and MCF under various disturbance conditions. The inherent power fluctuations injected to the power grid can also be effectively mitigated by the proposed control scheme.
Date of Publication: September 2011