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This paper presents a parallel processing framework for structured Peer-To-Peer (P2P) networks. A parallel processing task is expressed using Map and Reduce primitives inspired by functional programming models. The Map and Reduce tasks are distributed to a subset of nodes within a P2P network for execution by using a self-organizing multicast tree. The distribution latency cost of multicast method is O(log(N)), where N is a number of target nodes for task processing. Each node getting a task performs the Map task, and the task result is summarized and aggregated in a distributed fashion at each node of the multicast tree during the Reduce task. We have implemented this framework on the Brunet P2P system, and the system currently supports predefined Map and Reduce tasks or tasks inserted through Remote Procedure Call (RPC) invocations. A simulation result demonstrates the scalability and efficiency of our parallel processing framework. An experiment result on PlanetLab which performs a distributed K-Means clustering to gather statistics of connection latencies among P2P nodes shows the applicability of our system in applications such as monitoring overlay networks.
Date of Conference: 16-20 May 2011