By Topic

A Generalized Multivariate Autoregressive (GmAR)-Based Approach for EEG Source Connectivity Analysis

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Joyce Chiang ; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada ; Z. Jane Wang ; Martin J. McKeown

Studying brain connectivity has provided new insights to the understanding of brain function. While connectivity measures are conventionally computed from electroencephalogram (EEG) signals directly, the presence of volume conduction represents a serious confound affecting interpretation of results. A common solution is to use a two-stage approach which involves estimating underlying brain sources from scalp EEG recordings and subsequently estimating the connectivity between the inferred sources. Recently, a state-space framework which jointly models the instantaneous mixing effects of volume conduction and the causal relationships between underlying brain sources is proposed. In this paper, we extend the state-space framework and model the source activity by a generalized multivariate autoregressive (mAR) process with possibly non-Gaussian noise. A maximum likelihood estimation approach is developed which allows simultaneous estimation of both the mixing matrix and AR model parameters directly from scalp EEG. The proposed technique was verified with simulated EEG data generated using the single-shell spherical head model and demonstrated improved estimation accuracies compared to conventional two-stage connectivity estimation approaches. Furthermore, the proposed technique was applied to EEG data collected from normal and Parkinson's subjects performing a right-handed force-tracking task with differing amounts of visual feedback. The partial directed coherence (PDC) between sources showed significant differences between groups and conditions. These results suggest that the proposed technique is a powerful method to extract connectivity information from EEG recordings.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 1 )