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Analyzing UV/Vis/NIR Spectra—Addition of Oxygen and Nitrogen to ZnO:Al Thin-Films II—Effective Dopant Concentration, Mobility and Lifetime

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2 Author(s)
Stadler, A. ; Univ. of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria ; Dittrich, H.

Exact optical analysis of aluminum doped zinc-oxide (ZnO:Al) thin-films have been shown in [1], as function of reactive O2-and inert N2-gas additions to the inert Ar process-gas. Here, a theoretical model is introduced, which allows the determination of typical semiconductor parameters, by use of UV/Vis/NIR spectroscopy-a contact-free measurement method. In detail, effective dopant concentrations, ne, in semiconducting thin-films, as well as mobilities, μ, drift velocities, vD, lifetimes, τ, and mean free paths, I, of electrons within these layers can be calculated. Sputtered aluminum-doped zinc-oxide (ZnO:Al) thin-films have been analysed with respect to reactive oxygen additions to the inert argon process-gas and with respect to substrate-temperatures. The effects of these two parameters on the above mentioned physical values have been investigated and discussed.

Published in:

Sensors Journal, IEEE  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 5 )

Date of Publication:

May 2012

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