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With ever expanding design space and workload space in multicore era, it is a challenge to identify optimal design points quickly, desirable during the early stage of multicore processor design or programming phase. To meet this challenge, this paper proposes a theoretical framework that can capture the general performance properties for a class of multicore processors of interest over a large design space and workload space, free of scalability issues. The idea is to model multicore processors at the thread-level, overlooking instruction-level and micro architectural details. In particular, queuing network models that model multicore processors at the thread level are developed and solved based on an iterative procedure over a large design space and workload space. This framework scales to virtually unlimited numbers of cores and threads. The testing of the procedure demonstrates that the throughput performance for many-core processors with 1000 cores can be evaluated within a few seconds on an Intel Pentium 4 computer and the results are within 5% of the simulation data obtained based on a thread-level simulator.
Date of Conference: 25-27 July 2011