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A Bayesian Hierarchical Framework for Multitarget Labeling and Correspondence With Ghost Suppression Over Multicamera Surveillance System

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2 Author(s)
Ching-Chun Huang ; Department of Electrical Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, R.O.C ; Sheng-Jyh Wang

In this paper, the main purpose is to locate, label, and correspond multiple targets with the capability of ghost suppression over a multicamera surveillance system. In practice, the challenges come from the unknown target number, the interocclusion among targets, and the ghost effect caused by geometric ambiguity. Instead of directly corresponding objects among different camera views, the proposed framework adopts a fusion-inference strategy. In the fusion stage, we formulate a posterior distribution to indicate the likelihood of having some moving targets at certain ground locations. Based on this distribution, a systematic approach is proposed to construct a rough scene model of the moving targets. In the inference stage, the scene model is inputted into a proposed Bayesian hierarchical detection framework, where the target labeling, target correspondence, and ghost removal are regarded as a unified optimization problem subject to 3-D scene priors, target priors, and foreground detection results. Moreover, some target priors, such as target height, target width, and the labeling results are iteratively refined based on an expectation-maximization (EM) mechanism to further boost system performance. Experiments over real videos verify that the proposed system can systematically determine the target number, efficiently label moving targets, precisely locate their 3-D locations, and effectively tackle the ghost problem.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 1 )