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Statistical Coulomb interactions in cold field emitters

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3 Author(s)
B. Cook ; Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Applied Science, The Netherlands 2512AM ; T. Verduin ; P. Kruit

Statistical Coulomb interactions significantly reduce beam quality. For low voltage applications this may be the limiting factor, as the current in a probe of fixed size scales directly with the reduced brightness and the inverse square of the energy spread - I ∝ Br/(ΔE.2). We examined statistical Coulomb effects in the gun region of cold field emitters. Two methods are presented a full N body simulation and an approximation called the extended 2 body method [1], adapted for regions of rapidly changing potential -the slice method [2]. We find that for the two tip sizes studied, 10nm and 50nm it is the reduction in brightness that is most serious, not ΔE, and in our set-up for both tips a field of around 4.25V/nm would maximize probe current.

Published in:

2011 24th International Vacuum Nanoelectronics Conference

Date of Conference:

18-22 July 2011