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To address the new requirements for InSAR raw-signal simulation for hardware-in-the-loop simulation application, a real-time raw-signal simulation algorithm with high accuracy is proposed. The raw signal is expressed as the convolution of the transmitting signal and the scene modulation signal (SMS), and the convolution is then implemented using the fast Fourier transform. The SMS is calculated by the position approximation in the time domain, and an interpolation technique is used to maintain the accuracy of the fast approximation algorithm. The SMS is filtered to the radar sampling frequency for real-time implementation. The approximation error of the fast algorithm is analyzed quantitatively to obtain the minimum interpolation factor. Ground-based hardware-in-the-loop simulation results are provided to validate the algorithm.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2012