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This paper presents a numerical method, combined the finite element method in the spatial domain with the finite difference time domain, to calculate the transient impulse response of grounding systems considering the ionization phenomenon. In this numerical method, space-time variable soil resistivity is used to simulate the soil ionization phenomenon where soil resistivity is controlled according to its relationship with the local instantaneous value of the electric field and no a priori hypothesis on the geometrical shape of the ionized region around the electrodes is necessary. Based on the widely accepted principle of dimensional similarity, this paper makes simulated experimental investigations on the impulse-current dispersal regularity of grounding electrodes with various structures. The proposed numerical scheme is validated by comparing computed results with experimental results and simulation results in literature. Based on the measurement and simulation results, the impulse response regularity of grounding electrodes is discussed and the effect of ionization on human and installations safety is reported.