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On spatial smoothing for two-dimensional direction-of-arrival estimation of coherent signals

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1 Author(s)
Yih-min Chen ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Yuan-Ze Inst. of Technol., Chungli, Taiwan

We present an analysis of a spatial smoothing scheme extended for the estimation of two-dimensional (2-D) directions of arrival (DOAs) of coherent signals using a uniform rectangular array. The uniform rectangular array is divided into overlapping rectangular subarrays by the extended scheme, which is referred to as the 2-D spatial smoothing scheme. The analysis shows that when the extended preprocessing scheme is used in conjunction with the eigenstructure technique, the size of the subarrays should be at least (K+1)×(K+1), and the number of the subarrays must be no less than K×K in order to guarantee the “decorrelation” of κ coherent signals for all possible scenarios. The minimum size of the total uniform rectangular array is thus shown to be 2K×2K. Instead of using a uniform rectangular array, a minimal subarray structure incorporated with a minimal subarray grouping is also devised for resolving the 2-D DOAs of K coherent signals. The number of sensor elements of the minimal total array is then (K2+4K-2) instead of 4K2

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 7 )